Digestive system

Digestive system of honey bee

Digestive system of honey bee worker. After Michener (1974, fig 1.11) [1].

Abbreviations:
An - anus
Cb - cibarium
Cr - crop
Ephy - epipharynx
Int - intestine
Mal - Malpighian tubules
Mth - mouth
Oe - oesophagus
Phy - pharynx
Prvent - proventriculus
Rect - rectum
rp - rectal pad
Vent - ventriculus (midgut)

References

  1. Michener C.D. (1974) The social behavior of the bees: a comparative study. Harvard Univ. Press., Cambridge, Mass.