apis, phylogeny

Phylogenetic tree of genus Apis [1].

Scientific classification:
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Infraorder: Aculeata
Superfamily: Apoidea
Clade: Anthophila
Family: Apidae
Genus: Apis
Subgenus: Apis
Species: Apis mellifera

see also Taxonomy
Honey bee belongs to the genus Apis. Characteristic feature of this genus is vertical wax comb with hexagonal cells on its both sides.
In the genus Apis there are three extant subgenera and eight extant species:

subgenus: Micrapis Ashmead

  • Apis andreniformis Smith
  • Apis florea Fabricius

subgenus: Megapis Ashmead

  • Apis dorsata Fabricius
  • Apis laboriosa Smith

subgenus: Apis Linnaeus

  • Apis cerana Fabricius
  • Apis koschevnikovi Enderlein
  • Apis mellifera Linnaeus
  • Apis nigrocincta Smith


  1. Raffiudin R., Crozier R.H. (2007) Phylogenetic analysis of honey bee behavioral evolution. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 43:543–552.