In natural conditions honey bee nest is usually located inside hollow tree [1]. Other possible locations are nests of arboreal termites [2], rock crevices, ground holes or man-made cavities including bird nest boxes [3][4]. Previously occupied cavities are preferred [5][6]. Unprotected nests are relatively rare, particularly in colder climate. Choice of suitable nest site is important for survival and growth of the colony because it determines its ability to defend and control temperature and other environmental conditions inside the nest.

Honey bees spend in their nest most of their lives. Workers leave it in order to collect food and propolis. Queen and drones leave the nest for mating flights. Also during swarming part of the colony with queen, workers and drones departs from the old nest and builds a new one.

For review see: [7]