honey bee, mandibles

Ventral view of left mandible of honey bee queen (A), worker (B) and drone (C). After Snodgrass (1956, fig. 23) [1].
From evolutionary point of view the mandibles are homologous with coxae of mandibular (forth) head segment.


  1. Snodgrass R.E. (1956) Anatomy of the honey bee. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, pp. 334.